A Great Nationalist Hero Muammar Gaddafi
by Dirgha Raj Prasai from Nepal
October 24, 2011
Libyan leader late Gadaffi was a great nationalist Hero. In his long regime he never surrendered before the foreigners. He was dictator for those imperialists who wanted to capture Libya. He was orthodoxy in this religion-Muslim. May be, he was luxurious and furious man. But he contributed every need to the people of Libya. The destroyer and the creator both are always remembered in history. The Creators become immortal and a subject of worship, while the destroyers become a character for hatred. Due to the foreigners' tensions and conspiracy, Gadaffi became dictator. It is a great mistake of America, NATO and UN to intervene on Libyan internal issues. The result of killing to the dictator Gadaffi in his own country will not give the good messages in the world. The path for the creator of any nation can never be obstructed. The creator create the history of the society, history is the mirror of the nation. But, such killing by the foreign countries, NATO and UN is not accepted in the history of Nationalism. The International forces should be reformed their aggressive style for the sake of peace and civilization.
Is it right or wrong, can America, NATO and UN can answer? There is no electricity bill in Libya; electricity became free for all its citizens in the leadership of Gadaffi. There is no interest on loans, banks in Libya are state-owned and loans given to all its citizens at 0% interest by law. Home considered a human right in Libya –Gaddafi vowed that his parents would not get a house until everyone in Libya had a home. Gaddafi's father has died while him, his wife and his mother are still living in a tent. All newlyweds in Libya receive $60,000 Diner (US$ 50,000) by the government to buy their first apartment so to help start up the family. Education and medical treatments are free in Libya. Before Gaddafi only 25% of Libyans are literate. Today the figure is 83%. Should Libyans want to take up farming career, they would receive farming land, a farming house, equipments, seeds and livestock to kick- start their farms – all for free. If Libyans cannot find the education or medical facilities they need in Libya, the government funds them to go abroad for it –not only free but they get US $2, 300/mth accommodation and car allowance. In Libyan, if a Libyan buys a car, the government subsidized 50% of the price. The price of petrol in Libya is $0 14 per liter. Libya has no external debt and its reserves amount to $150 billion – now frozen globally. If a Libyan is unable to get employment after graduation the state would pay the average salary of the profession as if he or she is employed until employment is found. A portion of Libyan oil sale is, credited directly to the bank accounts of all Libyan citizens. A mother who gave birth to a child receive US $5,000 (14) 40 loaves of bread in Libya costs $ 0.15 15. 25% of Libyans have a university degree. Gaddafi carried out the world's largest irrigation project, known as the Great Man-Made River project, to make water readily available throughout the desert country.' So, Gadaffi is known a big heartiest nationalist that he became immortal in the history of the nationalist in the world.
longest-serving non-royal leader since 1900, as well as the longest-serving Arab leader. He variously styled himself as "the Brother Leader" and "Guide of the Revolution"; in 2008 a meeting of traditional African rulers bestowed on him the title "King of Kings" After seizing power in 1969, he abolished the Libyan Constitution of 1951. He established laws based on the political ideology he had formulated, called the Third International Theory and published in The Green Book After establishing the jamahiriya ("state of the masses") system in 1977, he officially stepped down from power and had since then held a largely symbolic role within the country's governance Rising oil prices and extraction in Libya led to increasing revenues. By exporting as much oil per capita as Saudi Arabia and through various welfare programs, Libya achieved the highest living standards in Africa; though not as high as several similarly oil-rich Gulf countries, Libya remained debt-free under his regime. Gaddafi and his relatives had been accused by critics of taking over much of the economy.
In 1969, Gaddafi created Revolutionary committees to keep tight control over internal dissent. Ten to twenty percent of Libyans worked as informants for these committees. Surveillance took place in the government, in factories, and in the education sector. People who formed a political party were executed, and talking about politics with foreigners was punishable by up to 3 years in jail Arbitrary arrests were common and Libyans were hesitant to speak with foreigners The government conducted executions and mutilations of political opponents in public and broadcast recordings of the proceedings on state television. Dissent was illegal under Law 75 of 1973, which denied freedom of expression. In 2010, Libya's press was rated as 160th out of 178 nations in the Press Freedom.
From time to time Gaddafi responded to external opposition with violence. Between 1980 and 1987, Gaddafi employed his network of diplomats and recruits to assassinate at least 25 critics living abroad. His revolutionary committees called for the assassination of Libyan dissidents living abroad in April 1980, sending Libyan hit squads abroad to murder them. On 26 April 1980 Gaddafi set a deadline of 11 June 1980 for dissidents to return home or be "in the hands of the revolutionary committees". Gaddafi stated explicitly in 1982 that "It is the Libyan people's responsibility to liquidate such scums who are distorting Libya's image abroad." Libyan agents have assassinated dissidents in the United States, Europe, and the Middle East. As of 2004 Libya still provided bounties on critics, including $1 million for one journalist During the 2005 civil unrest in France, Gaddafi called Chirac and offered him his help in quelling the resistors, who were largely North African. There are growing indications that Libya's Gaddafi-era intelligence service had a cozy relationship with western spy organizations including the CIA, who voluntarily provided information on Libyan dissidents to the regime in exchange for using Libya as a base for extraordinary renditions.
The Economy of Libya was centrally planned and followed Gaddafi's socialist ideals. It benefited greatly from revenues from the petroleum sector, which contributed most export earnings and 30% of its GDP. These oil revenues, combined with a small population and by far Africa's highest Education Index gave Libya the highest nominal GDP per capita in Africa. Between 2000 and 2011, Libya recorded favourable growth rates with an estimated 10.6 percent growth of GDP in 2010, the highest of any state in Africa. Gaddafi had promised "a home for all Libyans" and during his rule, new residential areas rose in empty Saharan regions.
From the beginning of his leadership, Gaddafi confronted foreign oil companies for increases in revenues. Immediately after assuming office, he demanded that oil companies pay 10 percent more taxes and an increased royalty of 44 cents per barrel. Gaddafi argued that Libyan oil was closer to Europe, and was cheaper to ship than oil from the Persian Gulf. Western companies refused his demands, and Gaddafi asserted himself by cutting the production of Occidental Petroleum, an American company in Libya, from 800,000 to 500,000 that year Occidental Petroleum's President, Armand Hammer, met with Gaddafi in Tripoli and had difficulty understanding exactly what he wanted at first.